Epidemiological profile of ocular trauma patients attending eye outpatient department in a tertiary care Hospital
Priyanka Indoriya, Pawan Kumar Barolia, Jitendra Balesa, Sarika Gaur
Aim: To study epidemiological profile of ocular trauma patients attending eye outpatient department in a tertiary care Hospital. Material and method: This study was carried out in the Department of Ophthalmology, Mathura Das Mathur hospital, Dr. Sampurnanand medical college, Jodhpur. A prospective study was conducted over a period of 1 year (September 2016 to August 2017) in which all patients admitted or referred to Ophthalmology Department, Mathura Das Mathur Hospital, Jodhpur were included. Total 92 patients were examined in this study. Detailed history taking including demographic data, mode of injury, about primary management, time gap between injury and presentation to the hospital was recorded. History was also taken about the past ophthalmological status of patient. Results: Males are more prone to injury than females in all age groups, younger age group (first two decades) is particularly vulnerable to injury in both males and females. Home was the most common place of injury in children in both males and females, so parents should be educated about preventive measures. No preventive measures was used in any of work place injury so workers of agriculture and small scale industries should be educated about preventive measures and inspired to use eye protective equipments. Open globe injury is main culprit for hospitalization in ocular trauma. Conclusion: There is message to planner of health to improve medical and surgical facilities mainly in rural areas by appointing ophthalmologists and anaesthetist with proper OT setup to provide better surgical facilities. This will cause improvement in confidence of ophthalmologists to treat ocular injuries in rural areas. This change in attitude of ophthalmologist will develop faith of rural population to take treatment by those facilities. These efforts may reduce burden on tertiary care level hospitals and also provide immediate needful primary treatment to patients.