Prevalence and Risk Factors of Urinary Incontinence among Adult Saudi Women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Asrar O Abduldaiem, Hadeel Al Issa, Mohie Selim, Mostafa Kofi
Introduction: Urinary incontinence (UI) remains a highly prevalent cross-cultural condition in the growing public health problems in terms of its medical, social and cost to both the incontinent person and his family, and to the health care systems. This study aimed To determine the prevalence and types of UIand associated risk factors among Saudi adult women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on women aged 18 years and older attending Ministry of Health Primary health care centers (PHCCs) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Participants were evaluated through face to face interview by the researcher with a validated questionnaire that estimated the prevalence of UI and evaluated factors associated with UI. The bother of UI symptoms was assessed using the Arabic version of the short form the International Consultation Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ-SF). Results: The overall prevalence of UI in our study was 42.6%. The prevalence of UI according to its type was 31.2% urgency urinary incontinence, 29.4% mixed urinary incontinence 28%, and 11.2 % stress urinary incontinence. Risk factors for UI included increased age, parity greater than 5, menopause, obesity and Hypertension. 18.6 % women in this study reported mild effect of UI on their quality of life where only 2.8% reported severe effect was. In our study population medical advice was not sought by 93.5% of women with urinary incontinence. Conclusion: Female UI is prevalent in Saudi Arabia. Age, multiparty obesity and hypertension are significant risk factors influencing the occurrence of UI. the majority of women with this condition did not seek medical advice. We consider our study as an important step to start the plans for early detection, and treating UI in Saudi Arabia. A well-designed national health program for women in general and for those with UI, and for physicians and nurses in primary health centers, is highly recommended.