Knowledge of tetanus and tetanus toxoid immunization among women of reproductive age group in rural area, Bangladesh
Sonali Rani Das, Md Manjur Hossain
Tetanus, commonly referred to as “lockjaw”, is a serious infection caused by Clostridium tetani. Tetanus infection caused by bacterium Clostridium tetaniis a non-communicable and preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates. Newborns can become infected through contaminated instruments used to cut the umbilical cord or by improper handling of the umbilical stump. Globally 38,000 people died from tetanus in 2017.Neonatal tetanus is more likely to occur in low and middle income countries especially in places such as urban slums and rural areas; places unhygienic deliveries at home are common, and coverage of antenatal care services and maternal tetanus toxoid immunization are usually inadequate. This study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge on tetanus toxoid immunization among rural women of reproductive age. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Mother and child welfare centre, Union health and family welfare center and Satellite clinic from July 2018 to Dec 2019.The study was conductedin 349 women who met the inclusion criteria by non-probability convenient sampling technique. A structured and self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection. Data was analyzed using suitable Software. Results: Only 8.88% of women enrolled in the study had knowledge about tetanus disease and tetanus toxoid vaccination. Education, family setup, and respondent’s occupation status had minimal impact on their knowledge. Pregnant women were receiving adequate doses of TT vaccine (85% during their current pregnancy at the health care facility), the majority (99.71%) of them were not being educated or informed about its importance By the health care provider. Conclusion: The study concluded that although women are being immunized with tetanus toxoid vaccine during their antenatal checkup, they are not being educated about its importance for good health.