A study to assess the effect of garlic preparation intake in promotion of breastfeeding among postnatal mothers in a selected rural community area at Mangalore
Renjitha SA, Hemalatha G
Introduction: Breastfeeding is a special time for every woman. Throughout the world today, an infant receive less breast milk that at any time in the past. In normal mothers, this is because of less milk production, suckling problem of baby and poor knowledge of mother. Garlic is thought to be a galactagogue, helping nursing mothers to make more breast milk. It's also believed that the taste of the garlic in the breast milk may help keep breastfed babies nursing longer. Objective: To determine the level of promotion of breastfeeding among postnatal mothers using observational checklist in experimental and control group. • To assess the effectiveness of garlic preparation intake in promotion of breastfeeding among postnatal mothers in experimental group using observational checklist. • To find out the association between pre-test scores level of promotion of breastfeeding among postnatal mothers with selected baseline variables.Methodology: Quantitative evaluative approach with a quasi-experimental two group pre-test post-test design was used for the study. The study was conducted at selected rural area. Thirty samples were drawn using purposive sampling technique. Pre-test was done using observational checklist and post test was conducted using the same observational checklist.Results: In the experimental group, 53.33% of postnatal mothers had moderate promotion of breastfeeding and 46.67% postnatal mothers had inadequate promotion of breastfeeding. After the intake of garlic preparation 66.67% of postnatal mother had adequate promotion of breastfeeding and 33.33% of postnatal mothers had moderate promotion of breastfeeding. Hence we can conclude that the garlic intake have good effect in promotion of breastfeeding. In the experimental group the mean post-test score (19.86±4.22) is greater than that of mean pre-test score (9.4±2.873). The calculated ‘t’ value (14.83) is greater than the table value (t28=2.05) at 0.05 level of significance. Hence the null hypothesis was rejected and research hypothesis was accepted. This shows that intake of garlic preparation was effective in promotion of breastfeeding in experimental group.Conclusion: The present study revealed that intake of garlic preparation for one week can promote level of breastfeeding in postnatal mothers. Therefore it was concluded that garlic preparation are highly effective in promotion of breastfeeding in postnatal mothers.