Haller cell evaluation on CBCT and its relationship to maxillary sinus pathologies
Anies Ahmed, Amit Khajuria
Objective: The goal of this study was to determine the prevalence of Haller cells and assess the link between Haller cell presence and maxillary sinus disorders.Materials and Methods: 400 patients' cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) image volumes were collected from a Planmeca ProMax 3D mid machine and analysed in the coronal section with a slice thickness of 4 mm using Romex 3.1 software. Haller cells and maxillary sinus illness were investigated at 800 sites in total. Mathew et al. provided criteria for identifying Haller cells. For statistical analysis, the data was subjected to the Chi Square test and the Cohen' kappa test, with P values of < 0.05 regarded as statistically significant.Results: Haller cells were found at 258 of the 800 sites studied, with a frequency of 32.25 %. A total of 288 locations with maxillary sinus disease were found, with 136 of these being linked to Haller cells. A total of 100 sites exhibited maxillary sinusitis in combination with Haller cells, while 36 sites reported a benign mucosal cyst.Conclusion: In maxillary sinus diseases, Haller cells should be regarded as a significant anatomical variation.