Assessment of level of education of healthcare workers on nosocomial infection prevention in healthcare facilities in Abia North, Abia State, Nigeria
Odim O Odim, Stanley J Ozims, Kalu O Obasi
Public Health education in the prevention and control of Hospital Acquired Infection (HAIs) has been an issue in Nigeria and other developing countries. This paper examined the level of education of healthcare workers in the prevention of infections acquired in healthcare facilities in Abia North Senatorial district of Abia State, Nigeria. A Multi Stage sampling technique was adopted starting from larger cluster samples at the first stage in Abia North zone. A well-structured questionnaire was used to obtain the primary data from the staff of the healthcare facilities through random sampling. Data was analyzed with criterion mean scale (CMS) to determine the level of education and availability of equipment for prevention and control of Healthcare acquired infection (HAIs). Results showed that majority of the health workers at the facilities do not properly apply infection prevention and control measures at their work places, they also do not adequately improve on their level of education (through seminars, workshops, continuous professional development programs among others), finally, they rated poorly the equipment for nosoomial infection prevention and control at the healthcare facilities in Abia North Senatorial zone of Abia State, Nigeria. Recommendations were therefore made for the need for continuous professional education, and the need for the health facilities to be properly equipped in Abia North senatorial district in Abia State.