Incidence rate of postsurgical wound infection among post operative patient in secondary health facilities
Anyanwu Onwukwe Ethelbert, Bright Ekejiuba Bertrand Nwoke, Stanley James Ozims
Postsurgical wound infections are the mostly studied health acquired infection and has been a major concern among healthcare personnel in both developed and developing countries. However, small number of reports on the pattern of postsurgical wound infections has been presented in developing countries such as Nigeria. Hence, this study aimed at isolating and identifying the occurrence of common bacterial isolated in postsurgical wound infection in some secondary health facilities in Imo State. The study included 180 patients with postsurgical wound infections in the general surgery, obstetrics, gynecology, and orthopedic wards from three secondary health facilities namely: General Hospital Okigwe Holy Rosary Hospital Emekuku and General Hospital Awo-mamma randomly selected from the three geopolitical zones of the state. Samples were collected using sterile cotton swabs from patients during the duration of surgical wound dressing before cleaning of the wound with antiseptic solution and identified using different bacteria culture media. Data was collected using structured questionnaire and analyzed using the SPSS software and Microsoft Office Excel 2010. P-value < 0.05 was considered to be statistically significant. A total of 252 aerobic bacteria were isolated from the 180 sampled cases, out of which 160(63.5%) isolates were Gram negative Organisms and were more common than Gram positive bacteria 92(36.5%) of the organisms. Staphylococcus aureus 70(27.8%) was the most isolated organism followed by Pseudomonasa aeruginosa 50(19.8%) and Escherichia coli 42(16.7%).