Introduction: Traumatic brain injury occurs when an external mechanical force causes brain dysfunction. Extradural hematoma (EDH) is a collection of blood in the potential space between the dura and the bone. Traumatic EDH is treatable Neurosurgical Emergency with good rewards.
Material & Methods: We studied 50 head injury patients admitted in general surgery wards of Tertiary care teaching hospital over a period of 2 years. All these patients were diagnosed to have Extradural Hematoma (EDH) with surgery as the primary line of management.rnThe study design was prospective non randomized trial.
Observation: Commonest age group involved was 21 to 30 yrs 82.0% were male (n = 41) while 18.0% were female (n = 9).rnCommonest mode of injury was road traffic accident (RTA) (n= 28, 56.0).In this study of 50 patients of traumatic EDH, we found that tempero-parietal site was involved in 34.0% (n = 17) of the patientsrnIn our study of 50 patients of traumatic extradural hematoma, 64.0% (n = 32) of the patients were operated within 12 hrs of incident/accident. While 10.0% (n = 5) of the patients were operated after 24 hrs. Traumatic extradural hematoma who underwent surgery for the same, 12.0% (n = 6) of the patients died while 88.0% (n = 44) of the patients were discharged from the hospital.
Conclusion: Traumatic extradural hematoma is a well-recognized and most rewarding neurosurgical emergency. It must be recognized and evacuated early to prevent potential mortality and morbidity.
Vhora SS, Sangle RP, Barhate MV, Gandoke C, Pardasani MM, PandayR, Vhora PS. Clinical profile of traumatic Extradural Dural Hematoma. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 2, Issue 3, 2016, Pages 33-38