The Development of the Extremities of Turkish Fetuses During the Fetal Period
Objective: It was aimed to obtain normal morphometric values of the development of foot and its morphology.
Materials and Methods: This study was performed the Anatomy Department of Meram Medical Faculty, at Necmettin Erbakan University between 2006 and 2007. 107 (male 50, female 57) human fetuses who had no external anomaly or pathology and whose ages were 6-37 weeks were included in the study. Fetuses were divided into three groups as trimesters. The length of foot, bimalleolar width, bimalleolar circumference, tarsal height, tarsal circumference, metatarsophalangeal width and metatarsophalangeal circumference were measured.
Results: It was shown that all measurements of foots are significantly different across groups (all p<0.001). However, there were no significant differences between the genders for all foot measurements (p>0.05). There was a significant positive correlation between the gestational age and the mesurements of foots (p<0.001).
Conclusion: The statistically significant correlation between the measurements of foot length suggests that it is a proper determiner of age. We think that these measurements can be helpful in determining gestational ages in fields such as anatomy, pathologic anatomy (fetopathology), obstetric screening and pediatrics.