International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


International Journal of Medical and Health Research
International Journal of Medical and Health Research
Vol. 4, Issue 1 (2018)

Diarrhea among children below 5 years of age: A clinical study


Ajay Kumar Shriwastawa

Background: Diarrhea has higher mortality and morbidity rate. It contributed to 9.9% of all deaths every year. The prevalence is more in children below 5 years of age.
Materials & Methods: It included 1050 children below of the age of 5 years of both genders. The confirmation of diarrhea was made if the children presented with three or more loose or watery stools within a 24-hour period. History of number of acute diarrheal defecations per day, and its association with socio demographic, environmental and domestic factors was evaluated.
Results: Out of 1050 children, boys were 550 and girls were 500. The difference was non-significant (P-0.5). Children with 1 year had 70 boys and 55 girls, 2 years had 100 boys and 90 girls, 3 years had 120 boys and 100 girls, 3 years had 120 boys and 100 girls, 4 years had 115 boys and 125 girls and 5 years had 145 boys and 130 girls. The difference was significant (P- 0.01). 410 mothers were illiterate and 640 mothers were literate. The difference was significant (P- 0.01). Water source of children who developed diarrhea had protected water source (340) and unprotected water source (710). The difference was significant (P- 0.01). The type of latrine used by parents was sanitary in 60%, kacha in 35% and others in 5%. Parents 68% parents wash hands before cooking and 32% do not. 55% wash their hand with soap after washing latrine while 45% do not prefer.
Conclusion: Diarrhea is a cause of morbidity and mortality in children especially below 5 years of age. Lack of knowledge of hand washing, use of unclean water, poor sanitation is precipitating factors.
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How to cite this article:
Ajay Kumar Shriwastawa. Diarrhea among children below 5 years of age: A clinical study. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 4, Issue 1, 2018, Pages 64-66
International Journal of Medical and Health Research International Journal of Medical and Health Research