International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


International Journal of Medical and Health Research
International Journal of Medical and Health Research
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2020)

Effect of refractive error correction in the scholastic performance of school going children


Unnati Vishwanath Shukla, Tejas Desai

Background: To study about the effect of refractive error correction in the scholastic performance of students who were given spectacle correction under school health programme in urban and rural areas of Gujarat. Objective: To compare the scholastic performance of students before and after subjective correction who were given best possible spectacle correction during previous school health programs and to study whether the students were benefitted with spectacle correction or not, if yes then which group of students were more benefitted-myopes, hypermetropes or astigmatic students, is there any difference between boys and girls, if yes then who were more benefitted- boys or girls; does age at which the correction is given affect the outcome of the study. Settings: various students of Urban and Rural Areas of a district of Gujarat, India. Design: observational study. Materials and Methods: In this study we visited various students of urban and rural areas of a district of Gujarat and collected data of 310 students who were given spectacle correction during the previous school health program, in the form of their age, sex, age at which correction was given, Standard refractive error (whether the student is myopic, hypermetropic or astigmatic) and the scholastic performance before and after subjective correction and comparison made between each and every data. A study was conducted 1)to know whether the student’s academic performance improved after spectacle correction or not, 2)which category of students were more benefitted-myopes, hypermetropes or astigmatic students, 3)to study the results between girls and boys and to evaluate whether there is any difference between them, and if yes who was more benefitted girls or boys, 4)does age at which spectacle correction is given affect the scholastic performance of students, 5)to study various confounding factors which can hamper the outcome of our study. Results: The statistical analysis revealed that there was remarkable improvement in the scholastic performance of myopic and astigmatic students but the study was not statistically significant in hypermetropic students. The study also revealed that girls were more benefitted with the spectacle correction than boys. There was marked improvement in the performance of students if their refractive error was corrected during the early stages of life that is when the child is in his primary schools. Late correction did not yield satisfactory result. Certain confounding factors were also encountered in this study- age bar, intelligent quotient of individual student, interest in studies, atmosphere around the student, cooperation and active involvement of parents, school to school variations in the scoring system, stream to which the student belong also hampers the resultant outcome. Conclusion: From the above study we concluded that myopic and astigmatic students were more benefitted with spectacle correction as compared to hypermetropic students. Extra attention should be paid for the scholastic improvement of hypermetropic students as only spectacle correction is not sufficient to improve scholastic performance of such students. Girls were more benefitted with subjective correction as compared to boys. Beneficial results were obtained if the spectacle correction was given during primary schools as compared to spectacle correction given during secondary schools and later on. The above result was proved right by statistical analysis also.
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How to cite this article:
Unnati Vishwanath Shukla, Tejas Desai. Effect of refractive error correction in the scholastic performance of school going children. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2020, Pages 53-56
International Journal of Medical and Health Research