Depressive symptoms among in-school adolescents in north- western Nigeria
Fatima Bello Jiya, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Paul Kehinde Ibitoye, Bilkisu Ilah Garba, Jibrin Baba, Asma’u Adamu, Khadijat Omeneke Isezuo
Objectives: Toassess depressive symptoms among in-school adolescents in Sokoto metropolis, the factors associated with depression, and the independent predictors of depressive symptoms in the affected subjects.Materials and Methods: Across sectional survey of secondary school students in Sokoto metropolis via multistage random sampling, using the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) modified for Adolescents (PHQ-A). Data was analyzed using Statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 23. Results: Respondentsconsisted of312(53.8%) males and 268(46.2%) females, with male to female ratio 1.2: 1. Their ages ranged between 10 and 19 years with mean (±SD) of 15± 2.6 years. Most (62.1%) of the subjects attended public schools, their parents were mainly Hausa by tribe (79.7%), traders, (33.1%), graduates (37.6%), married (96%), and majority (44.7%) belonged to the middle socioeconomic class. One hundred and twenty eight (22.1%) of the 580 subjects had various degrees of depressive symptoms withmajority 83(64.8%) of them having mild depression. Logistic regression analysis showed that age category 15-17 years (p=0.006), school type (p=0.03), family history of mood disorder (p<0.001), somatic symptoms (p<0.001), parent factor (p<0.001), self –rated poor academic performance (p<0.001), bullying (p=0.02), and emotional stress (p<0.001), were independent predictors of depressive symptoms among the subjects.Conclusion: Depressive symptoms were high among the respondents and multiple factors were independently associated with the symptoms.
Fatima Bello Jiya, Nma Muhammed Jiya, Paul Kehinde Ibitoye, Bilkisu Ilah Garba, Jibrin Baba, Asma’u Adamu, Khadijat Omeneke Isezuo. Depressive symptoms among in-school adolescents in north- western Nigeria. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 53-60