Evaluation of periodontal indexs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients
Asieh Mozaffari, Mohsen Roshanmehr, Sara Afshar Nia
Regard to incidence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and because of high prevalence of periodontal disease in this patient, and complication to human's health we decided to carry out the study. rnThe aim of this study was to evaluate the periodontal state in patient with COPD admitted to pulmonary center of Bu'Alisina hospital in Qazvin.
Method & Material: The study was descriptive cross-sectional and conducted in 106 patient with COPD with the mean age of 52.33 years, who had at least eight natural teeth. After entering the study the demographic data including age, sex, job, education, medical history, smoking, drinking and… Were recorded and an undergraduate dental student under supervision of periodontist performed clinical examination such as plaque Index (PI), Bleeding Index (BI), pocket depth (PD)and clinical attachment loss (CAL) using a periodontal probe and a dental mirror. Finally, the data analyzed by using SPSS descriptive statistic.
rnResult: The result indicated the mean periodontal index PI, BI and max PD was 82.58%, 83.36% and 5.9mm respectively. All 106 patients had gingivitis, however 101 (95.3%) of them had some degrees of periodontitis, additionally. Our data show that periodontal indexs increased with age and systemic disease and decreased by having higher education and brushing.
Conclusion: In conclusion, Periodontal Indexes increased in patients with COPD and chronic periodontal disease were common to them. By fact that periodontal disease is multifactorial and in this patients so many factors such as high age, Poor oral hygine&… interfered the, association between COPD and periodontal disease, to be confirmed by further research. By recognition of the importance of preventive dentistry, it is recommended to offer special dental cure for these patients.
Asieh Mozaffari, Mohsen Roshanmehr, Sara Afshar Nia. Evaluation of periodontal indexs in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 2, Issue 4, 2016, Pages 27-31