Most of the studies to date on thyroid hormone profile in critically ill patients and its correlation with outcome of patient are mainly conducted in surgical ICUs especially in adults. Very few studies are conducted in pediatrics ICUs, especially in India. The purpose of the current study was to measure the hormonal levels in the pediatric and children and studying of various thyroid disorders. Also aimed to differentiate diseases by their hormonal conditions.
The 50 patients of Newborns &Children years of age who visited the Pediatric Out-Patient Department (OPD) and in-patient department (IPD) of Nalanda medical college and hospital, were considered in the study. They were clinically suspected of Thyroid diseases were included in the study.
Thyroid hormones are unique in view of their important role in fetaland early neonatal brain development and also having actions on growth and development during the first two decades of life. The adverse effects of deprivation of thyroid hormone on the rapidly growing infantile brain have prompted the institution of neonatal screening for congenital hypothyroidism thus promoting an early intervention.
The findings of this study highlight the need to adopt strategies avoid the for disorders of thyroid gland before it is coming severe.