International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


International Journal of Medical and Health Research
International Journal of Medical and Health Research
Vol. 5, Issue 3 (2019)

Effects of packs per year of smoking on different cardiovascular variables during stress testing


Dr. Abhilasha Singh, Dr. Abhishek Kamendu

Smoking is the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, a major risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and is considered to be the leading preventable cause of death in the world. Hemodynamic parameters assessed in the smokers observed on higher side compared with the non-smoker patients. The present study concluded that the smokers are having more risk of Coronary Heart Diseases as compared to non-smokers. Exercise electrocardiographic testing is one of the most important and valuable noninvasive diagnostic tests in the clinical evaluation and management of patients with suspected or known cardiovascular disease particularly coronary artery disease. The exercise stress ECG test is also very useful tool as a screening procedure for healthy individuals who are considered to be at possible risk of coronary artery disease. The present study was planned in the Narayan Medical College and Hospital, Jamuhar, Bihar. Total 60 patients were enrolled in the study. 30 patients were enrolled in study group and 30 patients were enrolled in control group. All patients were informed consents. The aim and objective of the study were clearly conveyed to all patients. Approval of the institutional ethical committee was taken prior to conduct of the study. Hence based on the vast literature findings this study was planned to assess effects of quantity of smoking on cardiovascular function, providing essential information that could contribute to reducing the smoking epidemic and its consequences for cardiovascular health.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Abhilasha Singh, Dr. Abhishek Kamendu. Effects of packs per year of smoking on different cardiovascular variables during stress testing. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 3, 2019, Pages 35-38
International Journal of Medical and Health Research