A cross-sectional study on quality of life among acne vulgaris patients in an urban population of Rajasthan, India
Dr. Shivangi Sharma, Dr. Jayesh Shah
Objectives: Acne vulgaris is a chronic disease pilosebaceous units of skin affecting the face in adolescents and adults It has considerable psycho-social impact on Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL). The aim of our study is to assess the impact of acne on Quality of Life. Methods: The current cross sectional study sample includes 300 patients having acne vulgaris who are diagnosed as acne vulgaris attending OPD of PIMS Umarda Ambua Udaipur Rajasthan (India) in department of dermatology for a period of 2 year. (November 2016 – October 2018).300 patients attending the Dermatology OPD with diagnosis of acne vulgaris were taken for the study. Patients aged 16 -35 years were included in our study. A detailed history was taken from all the participants of study. Cardiff Acne disability index (CADI) and Dermatology life quality index (DLQI) were administered on patients to determine the impact of acne vulgaris on quality of life (QOL). Data was analyzed to compare the quality of life indices (CADI and DLQI) for duration and severity of acne. Results: Mean age of study population was 20.69 years. There was a male preponderance with ratio of 1.04:1 (M:F). According to this study 49% of patients had acne vulgaris for less than 1year. In present study maximum number 63.7% of patients presented with lesions over face followed by 14.7% of patients having lesions over face and back. According to DLQI scores of acne showed no effect in 4.3% of the patients, small effect in 26.3% of the patients, moderate effect in 38.7% of patients, very large effect in 29% of patients and extremely large effects on 1.7% of patients. According to CADI scores of acne showed low effect in 31.3% of the patients, majority had medium effect in 56.7% of patients and high effect was seen on 12 % of patients. Conclusions: This study depicts that quality of life is significantly affected in patients of severe acne vulgaris. Application of QOL [Quality of life] measures and facilitates better treatment and prognosis in patients of acne vulgaris.
Dr. Shivangi Sharma, Dr. Jayesh Shah. A cross-sectional study on quality of life among acne vulgaris patients in an urban population of Rajasthan, India. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 3, 2019, Pages 75-79