The World Health Organization estimated that, each year about a million infants and children die; and three million become deaf, crippled or mentally retarded because of infections from vaccine preventable diseases. Nigeria remains one of the ‘polio hot zones’; along with India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. This study examines the knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers towards the acceptance of polio vaccine in Mista-Ali community, Jos Plateau State, Nigeria. The research design was a non-experimental descriptive survey. Data were collected using pre-tested, structured questionnaire, distributed to the target population. The reliability coefficient and validity index of the tool were established as 0.94 and 0.97 respectively. The response rate was 95.9%. Data were analyzed using frequency tables and percentages; and the hypothesis was tested using Chi-square technique; with the aid of SPSS version 21. The findings revealed that, the mean age of respondents was 24.5 years. Majority of the respondents (84.3%) had knowledge of poliomyelitis; and nearly all respondents (94.3%) knew about polio vaccine. Further findings identified a statistically significant relationship between knowledge of mothers on poliomyelitis and the acceptance of polio vaccine for their children (X2=10.39 P<0.05). Based on these findings, the researcher recommends awareness campaign on poliomyelitis and polio vaccine for mothers and other care-givers. This will drastically reduce the incidence of poliomyelitis, thereby contributing to the national goal of eradicating polio from Nigeria.
Stephen Nanbur, Shaw Purity Yimi, Gusen Nanle Joseph, Thangeswaran P, Nanvyat Nannim. Knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers towards the acceptance of oral polio vaccine for their children in Mista-Ali community, JOS, plateau state, Nigeria. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 5, 2019, Pages 95-101