Diarrheal disease and nutritional status among children ≤ 5 years of age in jamalpur district, Bangladesh
Dr. Md. Tazul Islam, Dr. Md. Nazrul Islam, Md. Kariul Islam
Children under or within 5 years old is most vulnerable and high risk group who need special health care services. Various infectious diseases, diarrhea and/or malnutrition are very common in children in developing country like Bangladesh. A cross sectional study was conducted in the dept. Of Paediatrics, 250 Bedded General Hospital, Jamalpur, Bangladesh during the period from January 2017 to December 2017. A total of 200 children with diarrhea selected as a study participants. The aim of the study was to observe diarrheal disease and nutritional status among under 5 year’s children in Bangladesh. The study determine nutritional status of under ≤ 5 years children by anthropometric measurement, MUAC measurement and bio-chemical assessment. Anthropometric measurements were performed by standard methods. In the present study, 46.20% were found to be malnourished (under-weight) using W/A as indicator in the age range of 0-60 months in children with diarrhea. We also observed prevalence of wasting and stunting was 47% and 47.60% respectively. Age group 0-12 months shows the highest prevalence of wasting, under-weight and stunting. The factors which influence malnutrition and diarrhea were limited access to sanitation facilities, unhygienic water drinking and handling, mother’s education, misconception about food, infectious diseases and weaning practices. These results suggested that improving nutritional status of urban poor requires direct, focused and integrated strategies that are preferably community based and involve the behavior modification by education in addition to providing comprehensive preventive and curative health and nutritional services.
Dr. Md. Tazul Islam, Dr. Md. Nazrul Islam, Md. Kariul Islam. Diarrheal disease and nutritional status among children ≤ 5 years of age in jamalpur district, Bangladesh. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 8, 2019, Pages 15-18