Study of the association of pneumonia with the malnutrition in the children from PMCH
Dr. Chandra Bhushan Kumar, Dr. AK Jaiswal
Important underline role of Malnutrition in child deaths is that most nutritional deficiencies impair immune function and other hosts defences leading to a cycle of long lasting and most severe infections and ever worsening nutritional status. Other facts such as socio- economic status, lack of breast-feeding, nutritional deficiencies, and Non-Vaccination and co existing illness also play a role in the causation of infection in malnourished host. The factors that depress the nutritional status of the susceptible child seem to be the very factors that magnify the severity of infectious diseases like Pneumonia. Hence the present study was planned to assess the correlation of pneumonia with malnutrition in children. Total 110 cases of the malnutrition referred to the Upgraded Department of Paediatrics, Patna Medical College and Hospital Patna from April 2018 to Dec 2018 were enrolled in the present study. In this study, the sample children are selected randomly in urban & rural area, and desirable data were collected from both mother and children through oral questionnaires, physical and clinical examination, dietary habit, anthropometric measurements etc, and the various disease associated with malnutrition were evaluated by detailed history & clinical examination. The data generated from the present study concludes that the prevalence of malnutrition was higher among children from low socioeconomic urban area. Healthcare institutions should strive to provide food education campaigns to parents of children under 5 years old. The primary health care staff shall be provided with training about the signs and symptoms of pneumonia with malnutrition since the risk factors detection contribute to a better treatment by minimizing complications and mortality.
Dr. Chandra Bhushan Kumar, Dr. AK Jaiswal. Study of the association of pneumonia with the malnutrition in the children from PMCH. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 8, 2019, Pages 70-73