Study on the incidence of obese hypertensive patients among Malaysians of Indian ethnicity in Kedah and discussion on Role Bariatric Surgery
Dr. Sawrirajan Rajagopal, Dr. Diwakar Aiya, Dr. Premkumar Daivasikamani
A study was conducted among the Malaysian of Indian ethnicity population on the incidence of hypertension among the obese people. In this study 219 took part and among them 124 are male and 95 are females. Of them 142 (57%) are either overweight (27%) or obese (30%). Of the 61 male hypertensives 22 (17.7%) were normal BMI, 39 (63.9 %) were Overweight or obese (11 +28).18%+ 9% = 27%, 42 males have 120/80 to 140/90 BP, Overweight or obese 13 (30.9%) are overweight and 13 were obese. Out of 21 normotensives 6 were obese and 2 were overweight. Among the sexes normal BMI males (43.15%) had hypertension and females 6 (23%), overweight males 28 (65.1%) and in overweight Females 12 (30%) and in obese males 11 (36.6%) and females (48.27%). In case of Stage 1 hypertension, normal BMI had 22 (28.27%), overweight 27 (32.5%) of them males 11(25.58%), females 14 (35%) and obese males 13 (43.3%) and females 9 (31%).The incidence of hypertension among overweight and obese people is more when compared to normal people. The incidence is more in the female population. Lifestyle modifications and medical treatment for obesity may not be helpful in the long term. To take many figts for the hypertension and their side effects make the treatment difficult for the patient. Bariatric/metabolic surgery is an alternate treatment to reduce obesity, thereby controlling hypertension.
Dr. Sawrirajan Rajagopal, Dr. Diwakar Aiya, Dr. Premkumar Daivasikamani. Study on the incidence of obese hypertensive patients among Malaysians of Indian ethnicity in Kedah and discussion on Role Bariatric Surgery. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 8, 2019, Pages 95-99