Clinical evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice in cases suffered from diabetes mellitus in Bihar region
Dr. Sunil Kumar, Dr. Madan Prakash, Dr. Surendra Kumar
In a developing country like India where majority of the people belong to the lower socioeconomic status and low level of education makes it vulnerable to lifestyle diseases like diabetes and hypertension. Compared with the general population incidence of Coronary heart diseases and stroke are more among patients of diabetes. Their quality of life is further impacted by complications like diabetic renal disease and diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy which are frequently occurring among the patients having poor glycemic control. Hence the present study was planned for Clinical Evaluation of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice in Cases Suffered from Diabetes Mellitus in Bihar region. The present study was planned in Department of General Medicine, Patna Medical College and Hospital, Patna, Bihar, India. Total 100 cases of the diabetes referred to our hospital were included in the present study. All the cases were interviewed and made to fill a pretested, predesigned questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of three parts. In the first part there was information regarding the demographic detail of the subject like age, gender, education level etc. The 2nd part they were tested about the knowledge of diabetes and in the third part attitude of the individuals were tested. All the questions had three options- yes, no, don’t know. The data generated from the present study concludes that there is reasonable gap between knowledge, attitudes and practices, so to overcome that it is very important to formulate and implement certain strategies by which positive attitudes can be converted into beneficial practices. Diabetes is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Here, the onus is on the patients to control their disease, and merely knowing about the diagnosis is not enough. Hence, proper health education and individual counseling should be practiced in various healthcare setups to ensure that each patient with diabetes has sufficient information and that they are motivated to lead a better life.
Dr. Sunil Kumar, Dr. Madan Prakash, Dr. Surendra Kumar. Clinical evaluation of the knowledge, attitude and practice in cases suffered from diabetes mellitus in Bihar region. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 5, Issue 8, 2019, Pages 266-271