Incidence and prevalence of chronic cutaneous arsenicosis: A study in Homna upazilla health complex, Homna, Cumilla, Bangladesh
MJ Abedin, GM Matiur Rahman, Hoq AJMS, Sultana F
Introduction: In Bangladesh a large number of people have been exposed to naturally occurring inorganic arsenic through their drinking water. Characteristic skin lesions, keratosis and pigmentary alteration, and the water arsenic level confirmed the arsenic exposure. Homna upazilla of Cumilla district of Bangladesh is one of the arsenic contaminated area in Bangladesh. Till now we have not enough data regarding the prevalence of chronic cutaneous arsenicosis in this locality. Aim of the study: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and prevalence of chronic cutaneous Arsenicosis in patients with skin diseases attended in the OPD of Homna Upazilla Health Complex, Homna, Cumilla Bangladesh. Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted in the OPD of Homna Upazilla Health Complex, Homna, Bangladesh during the period from January 2015 to December 2015. In total 7653 patients with several types of skin diseases and disorders attended in the Out Patients Department (OPD) of Homna Upazilla Health Complex, Homna, cumilla Bangladesh was selected study population. The data were analyzed by Epi info version 7, Microsoft Excel and SPSS version 20. Result: In final outcome analysis we found, among all the total study population only 383 participants were with arsenicosis which was 5% (5.0046%). Besides this 49.76% were with several infective skin diseases and 45.24% were with non-infective skin diseases. Conclusion: The arsenic concentration in the drinking water samples indicates presence of arsenic exposure of the study population through drinking water. To gain the clear concepts about chronic cutaneous Arsenicosis. We would like to recommend for conducting more studies in several places with larger sample sizes.
MJ Abedin, GM Matiur Rahman, Hoq AJMS, Sultana F. Incidence and prevalence of chronic cutaneous arsenicosis: A study in Homna upazilla health complex, Homna, Cumilla, Bangladesh. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2020, Pages 25-28