International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


International Journal of Medical and Health Research
International Journal of Medical and Health Research
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2020)

Prevalence of cutaneous findings in neonates from north Bihar region


Dr. Satyendra Paswan, Dr. Nagendra Prasad Gupta, Dr. Shaantanu Kumar

The neonatal period is generally regarded as the first 28 days of extra- uterine life. Skin disorders are commonly seen in the neonatal period, most of which are transient and limited to the first days or weeks of life. Skin rashes are common in the neonate and can cause parental anxiety. Many of these are transient and physiological, but some may require additional work up to rule a more serious disorder. Hence it is important for the paediatrician as well as for the dermatologist to recognize these physiological states that can present in a normal neonate. Hence based on above findings the present study was planned for Prevalence of Cutaneous Findings in Neonates from Bihar Region. The present study was planned in Department of Paediatrics, Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital, Laheriasarai, Darbhanga, Bihar, India. In the present study 50 neonates were enrolled from july 2019 to December 2019. A detailed history of the neonates, age, sex, term or preterm infant, birth weight, significant maternal history and mode of delivery was elicited. Dermatological examination was carried once in the morning under bright light in the presence of my staff /guide. The data generated from the present study concludes that the most common physiological dermatoses seen were Physiological desquamation, Mongolian spot, Milia, Erythema toxicum neonatorum. The pattern of neonatal dermatoses may vary depending on racial and geographical factors. Most of the skin lesions in newborn are self-limiting requiring no treatment. The neonatal period is one of rapid adaptation in which the skin plays an important role and fully assumes for the first time its function as a barrier and of thermoregulation. A host of aberrations varying from physiological and transient to grossly pathological are seen in the skin of neonate. Thus, recognition and understanding the neonatal dermatoses will enable the physician to allay parental concerns and initiate further evaluation and/or treatment whenever necessary.
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How to cite this article:
Dr. Satyendra Paswan, Dr. Nagendra Prasad Gupta, Dr. Shaantanu Kumar. Prevalence of cutaneous findings in neonates from north Bihar region. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2020, Pages 164-168
International Journal of Medical and Health Research