Study on prevalence of Macrosomia and associated maternal risk factors in our population
Dr. Manjit Singh Guliani, Dr. Parasdeep Kaur, Dr. Amanjeet Kaur
Introduction: Macrosomia is defined as birth weight more than 4,000 grams or greater than 90% for gestational age after correcting for neonatal gender and ethnicity. Its prevalence varies among different races and different ethnic groups; it affects approximately 6-10% of all new-born. Objectives of the study: To determine the prevalence of macrosomia and to evaluate the associated predisposing factors in our population. Materials and Methods: We obtained the written informed consent form from all the subjects involved in our study. Data collection questionnaire was given to the subjects for collecting the information regarding maternal risk factors. Those with singleton pregnancy regardless to maternal age, number of parity, type of previous delivery, those willing to participate were included in the study. Multiple pregnancies, pre-gestational or gestational diabetes mellitus, and those who had given birth to a baby with a birth weight of < 500 grams were excluded from the study. Results: In our study, we found that the prevalence of macrosomia was 12.23%, 68 infants had macrosomia out of 556 infants being delivered during the study period. Over all, 58% and 52% of infants were male and female respectively. The prevalence of macrosomia was well correlated with the maternal risk factors assessed in our study. Conclusion: As the results indicated, the prevalence of macrosomia was very high in our population. The prevalence of macrosomia was significantly correlated with maternal age, pre-pregnancy weight, weight gain during pregnancy, maternal diabetes, and duration of pregnancy.
Dr. Manjit Singh Guliani, Dr. Parasdeep Kaur, Dr. Amanjeet Kaur. Study on prevalence of Macrosomia and associated maternal risk factors in our population. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 6, Issue 5, 2020, Pages 01-03