Incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease in females with low backache in a tertiary care centre in Uttarakhand
Minakshi Singh, Chitra Joshi, Anil Joshi
Introduction: Low backache (LBA) is a major public health problem world-wide. This disability causes much distress to females and hampers her day to day activities. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a very important causative factor for LBA and if diagnosed and treated early can lead to significant improvement in symptoms of LBA. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women attending orthopaedics OPD with complaints of low backache (LBA). Material and Methods: A prospective epidemiological study was done on 200 female patients attending orthopaedics OPD in Government Doon Medical College, Dehradun during the period from July 2018 to December 2018. Detailed history was taken and thorough examination was done. They were interviewed regarding their age, parity, demographic parameters, associated complaints, type of contraceptive use and addiction status. Results: Out of 200 patients with LBA, PID was found in 52(26%) patients. Maximum number (41.5 %) of patients was from the age group of 40- 49 years. Majority of patients (62%) were of low socio-economic status, 78% females were illiterate, 61.5% females were obese, 28% females were addicted to smoking/ tobacco chewing and 77 % were multiparous. 54% of patients complained of discharge per vaginum. 21.5% females used oral contraceptive pills and 31% females had an intrauterine contraceptive device inserted. Conclusion: The present study suggests that PID is a major contributing factor in LBA in females.
Minakshi Singh, Chitra Joshi, Anil Joshi. Incidence of pelvic inflammatory disease in females with low backache in a tertiary care centre in Uttarakhand. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 6, Issue 5, 2020, Pages 37-39