Profile of acne vulgaris-A hospital-based study from North India
Saurabh Chaudhary, Richa Thakur, Amrita Kumari
Background: Acne vulgaris is the commonest disorder of pilosebaceous unit. There is no North Indian study on the profile of acne vulgaris, markers of severe forms of acne vulgaris and a possible correlation between acne vulgaris. Aim: To study the profile of acne vulgaris, its seasonal variation, relationship with smoking. Methods:The study was conducted between October 2019 to may 2020.All patients of acne who gave consent for the study were included. Late onset acne or adult acne was not included. The parameters evaluated include age, gender, age of onset, duration, site, severity of acne, seasonal variation and relation with smoking. Result:7429 total patients of which 307 patients were included who had acne. There was a frequency of 1.07% in my study. Mean age group was 18.56 years. Male to female ratio in our study was 1;26:1. The most common age group involved was 16 to 21 years of age. Premenstrual flare was noted in 56.81% of females. Mean age of onset in our study was 14.94 years. Most common involved site was face followed by back (27%),chest (21.21%),neck (8.64%) arms(11%). Seasonal variation was noted only in 79 patients.Only 68 patients (86.07%)had summer exacerbation and 11 patients(13.9) had winter exacerbations. Smokers has more severe acne as compared to non smokers (p=.0001).For severity of acne 185 patients had grade 1 acne(60.06%).85 patients had grade 2 acne (27.59%) 8 patients had grade 3 acne(2.5),30 patients had grade 4 acne(9.7%). Conclusion:This study brings out the profile of acne vulgaris in a tertiary care centre of north india.