International Journal of Medical and Health Research

International Journal of Medical and Health Research


International Journal of Medical and Health Research
International Journal of Medical and Health Research
Vol. 7, Issue 11 (2021)

The Influence of enterococcus faecalis as A dental root canal pathogen on endodontic treatment- A review


Krishna Prasada L, Priyanka Yadav

Background: The main cause of endodontic failure is the persistence of microorganisms that cause an in traradicular or extratradicular infection and that become resistant to disinfection measures. The objective of this review is to identify the microbiota associated with endodontic failure, as well as the reasons why these microorganisms are capable of surviving basic disinfection measures. Material and Methods: Search of scientific articles in the databases Google Scholar, PubMed with the following key­words “Endodontic Infections”, “Endodontic Microbiology”, “Endodontic Failure”, “Enterococcus Faecalis”, “Endodontics Retreatment” was carried out. Case reports and articles with publication date prior to 2009 were not included in this review. Results: Most authors highlight E. faecalis as the main microorganism associated with endodontic failure, nev­ertheless there are recent studies that isolate, to a greater extent, other bacteria such as Fusobacterium nucleatum and Propionibacterium. Discussion: These microorganisms have in common the following proprieties, which make them able to escape the disinfection measures: the ability to form a biofilm, to locate in areas unreachable to root canal instrumentation techniques, synergism, the ability to express survival genes and activate alternative metabolic pathways.
Download  |  Pages : 29-39
How to cite this article:
Krishna Prasada L, Priyanka Yadav. The Influence of enterococcus faecalis as A dental root canal pathogen on endodontic treatment- A review. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 7, Issue 11, 2021, Pages 29-39
International Journal of Medical and Health Research International Journal of Medical and Health Research