Background: Clinically thyroid disease is of utmost importance, since in most of the cases it responds well to surgical or therapeutic management. The main objective of the study was to study the clinico-pathological pattern of thyroid neoplasm and the accuracy of FNAC in thyroid neoplasm. Materials and methods: This was a prospective and retrospective study on 154 patients affected with neoplasms of thyroid gland, diagnosed and treated in SUM Hospital from the period of July 2018 to June 2020. All histologically proven neoplasms both benign and malignant were included in the study. The evaluation such as thyroid function test, FNAC and final histopathology were done in all cases. Results: In this study, out of 154 cases 120 cases were benign and 34 cases were malignant. Majority of the patients were in the age range between 21-40 years and female preponderance was observed in the study. The majority of benign cases were follicular adenoma and in malignant cases papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) was commonly found in 79.4% of patients. In benign majority of the cases underwent hemi thyroidectomy and in malignant cases total thyroidectomy was seen in most of the patients. The diagnostic accuracy of FNAC in detecting benign tumor and malignant tumor was found to be 98.3% and 94.11%. The cervical node was higher in PTC cases. Conclusion: The incidence of thyroid cancer was 22.1%. In benign tumor, maximum number of follicular adenoma cases was observed and in malignancy PTC was more prevalent.
Sonali Ohri, Jitendra Narayan Senapati, Binay Mihir Kunar, Jyoti Ranjan Pani, Ashwariya Ohri. A clinico-pathological study of neoplastic thyroid disease. International Journal of Medical and Health Research, Volume 7, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 37-39